Last edited by Keramar
Thursday, April 23, 2020 | History

4 edition of Soviet developments of IR detectors found in the catalog.

Soviet developments of IR detectors

Edward Talyansky

Soviet developments of IR detectors

  • 38 Want to read
  • 31 Currently reading

Published by Delphic Associates in Falls Church, VA .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Soviet Union.
    • Subjects:
    • Infrared radiation -- Military applications -- Research -- Soviet Union.,
    • Infrared detectors -- Research -- Soviet Union.,
    • Mercury cadmium tellurides -- Research -- Soviet Union.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementEdward Talyansky.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsUG487 .T35 1991
      The Physical Object
      Pagination61 leaves ;
      Number of Pages61
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1596558M
      ISBN 101558311211
      LC Control Number91129348
      OCLC/WorldCa23694256


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Soviet developments of IR detectors by Edward Talyansky Download PDF EPUB FB2

Soviet developments of IR detectors Unknown Binding – January 1, by Edward Talyansky (Author)Author: Edward Talyansky. Books By Edward Talyansky All Soviet developments of IR detectors Jan 1, by Edward Talyansky Unknown Binding. Out of Print--Limited Availability. More Information Are you an author.

Visit Author Central to change your photo, edit your biography, and. The book describes achievements in the fields of electro-optical image converters, night vision, thermal imaging, semiconductor IR detectors, laser engineering, electron-beam microscopy, electron-beam and ion-plasma physics, signalprocessing microelectronics, cooling engineering, semiconductor material science, and semiconductor physics.

Recent advances in micromechanical systems (MEMS) have led to the development of uncooled IR detectors operating as micromechanical thermal detectors as well as micromechanical photon detectors. This novel type of detector is discussed by Wachter et al.

A comprehensive analysis of the latest developments in IR detector technology and basic insight into the fundamental processes important to evolving detection techniques, the book provides the most complete and up-to-date resource of its kind, including a summary of useful data, guide to the literature, and overview of applications.

New to the Second Edition: Fundamentals of IR detection, radiometry, and flux-transfer issues needed for IR detector and system analysis. Major achievements and trends in the development of IR detectors.

Novel uncooled detectors such as cantilever, antenna, and optically coupled detectors. Type II superlattice detectors.

This is the Soviet Laser Bibliography for March-April and is No. 28 in a continuing series on Soviet laser developments. The coverage includes basic research on solid state, liquid, gas, and chemical lasers; components; nonlinear optics; spectroscopy of laser materials; ultrashort pulse generation; theoretical.

– What was the purpose of the IR detection in the PSO-1. – Did Izhmash AK quality drop during Perestroika. – Was the Soviet mm development influenced by US mm. – Why no English books on Soviet arms. – Russian reports on the vz58. – How common was Soviet SMG issue during the latter half of WW2.

Modern history of IR detectors commenced with development of first IR detector by Case in He discovered that a substance made of thallium and sulphur exhibited photoconductivity. Later he found that addition of oxygen enhanced the response.

However, it had problems of noise and stability. World War II stirred further research in Size: KB. Century to improve sensitivity and response time. These detectors have been extensively developed since the ’s. Lead sulphide (PbS) was the first practical IR detector with sensitivity to infrared wavelengths up to ~3 μm.

After World War II infrared detector technology development was and continues to be primarily driven by military applications. Such economic warfare, waged at a time when the Soviet budget was already strained by the Afghan war and a renewed strategic arms race, pushed the Soviet economy to the brink of collapse.

Demoralization took the form of a growing black market, widespread alcoholism, the highest abortion rate in. Lockheed incorporated into its bid a text written by the Soviet - Russian physicist Pyotr Ufimtsev fromtitled Method of Edge Waves in the Physical Theory of Diffraction, Soviet Radio, Moscow, In this book was translated into English with the same title by U.S.

Air Force, Foreign Technology Division. THERMOCOUPLE TYPE • MOST WIDE • SIGNAL ORIGINATES FROM A POTTENTIAL DIFFERENCE CAUSED BY HEATING A JUNCTION OF UNLIKE METALS • ONE JUNCTION BETWEEN THE TWO METALS IS HEATED BY IR BEAM • OTHER JUNCTION IS KEPT AT CONSTANT TEMP.

REFERENCE • NPTEL >> Chemical Engineering >> Modern Instrumental. The SA-7 seeker is fitted with a filter to reduce the effectiveness of decoying flares and to block IR emissions. The system consists of the missile (9K32 & 9K32M), a reloadable gripstock (9P54 & 9P54M), and a thermal battery (9B17).

An identification friend or. An infrared detector is a detector that reacts to infrared (IR) radiation. The two main types of detectors are thermal and photonic (photodetectors).

The thermal effects of the incident IR radiation can be followed through many temperature dependent phenomena. Bolometers and microbolometers are based on changes in resistance.

Practically speak- ing, the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe hollowed the Warsaw Pact and led to its disintegration. Revolution also spread from Eastern Europe to the Soviet republics, resulting in the collapse of the formal Soviet empire, whose demise confirmed.

The T (also known as Obyekt ) was a Soviet heavy tank of the Cold War, the final development of the KV and IS tank series. It was accepted into production in as the IS (Iosif Stalin, Russian form of Joseph Stalin), but due to the political climate in the wake of Stalin's death init Country: Australia, United Kingdom, Cuba, China.

- What was the purpose of the IR detection in the PSO-1. - Did Izhmash AK quality drop during Perestroika. - Was the Soviet mm development influenced by.

Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books. My library. Open Path IR Detectors. In open path IR gas detectors, the concepts of the point IR detector are expanded to a gas sampling path which can be as long as meters as opposed to a few inches internal to the instrument.

These systems can either use a retro-reflector or, as is the case with the Model IR from General Monitors. IR detector technologies and demands for future.

The discussion is also focused on the demands for next generation IR detectors, with a short overview about emerging technologies.

However before starting the discussion about IR detectors it is worthwhile to give a brief overview of the IR radiation itself. A brief overview of IR. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF SOVIET LASER DEVELOPMENTS No. 60 JULY - AUGUST Date of Report J Vice Director for Foreign Intelligence Defense Intelligence Agency This document was prepared for the Defense Intelligence Agency under an intragovernment agreement.

It is intended to facilitate access of government researchers to Soviet laser. Iron Curtain, the political, military, and ideological barrier erected by the Soviet Union after World War II to seal off itself and its dependent eastern and central European allies from open contact with the West and other noncommunist areas.

The term Iron Curtain had been in occasional and varied use as a metaphor since the 19th century, but. In fact, Melita Norwood was the Soviet Union’s longest-serving British spy. From World War II through the Cold War, she stole nuclear secrets from the Author: Becky Little. The Soviet Atomic Bomb: The most significant early work on fission in the Soviet Union was performed by Yakov Zel'dovich and Yuli Khariton who published a series of papers in that laid the groundwork for later Soviet atomic weapons development.

The Soviet weapons program proper began in during World War II, under the leadership of physicist Igor Vasilievich Kurchatov. Detection. On page 14 of the CIA report, there is an assessment of Soviet detection capabilities.

There are several pages in that area completely redacted. In his well-crafted book, Steil argues that although the Marshall Plan was a strategic success, it also contributed mightily to the evolving Cold War.

He shows that key U.S. policymakers understood that the initiative would trigger a Soviet clampdown in Eastern Europe and solidify the division of the continent—and went ahead with it anyway. Observing a history of the development of the IR detector technology after World War II, many materials have been investigated.

A simple theorem, after Norton [40], can be stated: ”All physical phenomena in the range of about –1 eV will be proposed for IR detectors”.

Among these effects are: thermoelectric power (thermocouples), change. The first operating device was built in ; World War II speeded up its further development [2], [3].

The acronym RADAR was proposed by the U.S. Navy in ; it comes from "radio detection and Author: Massimo Guarnieri. IR Detectors. IR detectors have been a part of our standard product range at LASER COMPONENTS for almost three decades. A distinction is made between sensors for the near infrared range (NIR) from µm to µm and those for the mid-infrared range (MIR) above µm.

Russia maintains a policy of official denial with regard to Soviet-era production of bioweapons, which were banned by an international treaty signed by the Soviet Union in But former Russian.

This paper overviews the history of infrared detector materials starting with Herschel’s experiment with thermometer on February 11th, Infrared detectors are in general used to detect, image, and measure patterns of the thermal heat radiation which all objects emit.

At the beginning, their development was connected with thermal detectors, such as thermocouples and bolometers, which Cited by: History of infrared detectors. was the first practical IR detector with sensitivity to infrared wavelengths up to ∼3 μm. After World War II infrared detector technology development was and Author: Antoni Rogalski.

- Russian-contract Colt pistols - Clarification on SVD accuracy standards - Is the PSO-1 BDC calibrated for LPS ball or 7N1. - What was the purpose of the IR detection in the PSO-1.

- Did Izhmash AK quality drop during Perestroika. - Was the Soviet mm development influenced by US mm. - Why. Soviet Sniper training would include most of the same skills and tasks of professional Sniper schools in the West, to include marksmanship, observation, sector sketches, target detection, range estimation, quick mental math, camouflage and concealment, ballistics, movers, and night fire.

with the need to increase the number of pixels in Cooled IR detectors. Other developments, focused on cost reduction, are also available in European TV format ( x ), with a fixed window corresponding to the US standard size ( * ), with a pitch of 15 µm. detectors and quantum detectors.

A common type of thermal detector is an uncooled microbolometer made of a metal or semiconductor material. These typically have lower cost and a broader IR spectral response than quantum detectors. Still, microbolometers react to incident radiant energy and are much slower and less sensitive than quantum Size: 1MB.

The seeker has two detectors – a cooled MWIR InSb detector for detection of the target and uncooled PbS SWIR detector for detection of IR decoys (flares).

The built-in logic determines whether the detected object is a target or a decoy. The latest version (Igla-S) is reported to have additional detectors around the main seeker to provide further resistance against pulsed IRCM devices Manufacturer: KB Mashinostroyeniya – developer of the.

Détente (a French word meaning release from tension) is the name given to a period of improved relations between the United States and the Soviet. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (short FT-IR) is one of the techniques that are used today for mea-suring the intensity of infrared radiation as a function of frequency or wavelength.

Infrared radiation is invisible electromagnetic radiation just bellow the red colour of File Size: 1MB. IR detector market is driven due to high demand for security at commercial environments, lower price of IR detectors and use of night vision ability in military applications are supporting the growth of IR detector market, U.S.

and Japan are the leading regions for IR detector market/5(28).Low cost and easy to manufacture, IR detectors have been used in a wide diversity of markets such as construction, security, appliances, and industrial, and for a wide variety of functions, e.g.frared detector technology and to update the earlier JASON report "Imaging Infrared Detectors" (JSR).

To this end, a workshop was conducted during the Summer Study with distinguished participants drawn from industry, academia, and government, listed in Appendix D. Through dis­File Size: 2MB.